Aktobe - "White Hill" - so poetically the name of the central city of Aktobe Oblast is translated from Kazakh language. It is the most eastern city of the European part of Kazakhstan.
The city was founded in 1869 on the site of the Aktyube fortress on the left bank of the river Ilek (tributary of the Ural). During the first decades the economic life of the city was closely associated with the nomadic cattle breeding.
Now it is the major industrial, educational and cultural center of the region. The factories producing ferroalloy, chromium compounds, agricultural machinery, x-ray equipment and other plants of chemical, light and food industries are located here.
The city is very modern and comfortable. In Aktobe there are sport and entertainment centers, drama theater, museums, philharmonic, a puppet theater and planetarium.
According to the statistics, here live more than 320 000 people of different nationalities - Kazakhs, Russians, Ukrainians, Tatars, Belarusians, Koreans, Moldovans, Azerbaijanis, Chechens, Uzbeks, Bulgarians, Armenians and Jews.
By the way, Aktobe residents consider their city being unofficial Kazakhstani capital of rock music. Every year the festival of independent music "Sukhovei" is held in Aktobe. During the festival a lot of rock music fans from different countries are gathering here.