FIGURES AND FACTS

It is impossible to know everything. But you can strive to learn more by joining in the joy of discovery. Once you discover the boundless and magnificent panorama of today’s Kazakhstan, you are sure to fall in love with this country which rightfully bears the title of the biggest, richest, most stable and most wonderful country in Central Asia.

This is what our Unique Kazakhstan website is about – the legendary past, the amazing present and the fantastic future. We would like you to share with us the joy of knowing this unique land in the heart of the Eurasian continent.

The Unique Kazakhstan website is a luxury hand-made carpet where each fragment of the intricate pattern of facts and events creates a unique scene of life in Kazakhstan. And the word “unique” is essential here.

Kazakhstan is the largest country in Central Asia

The territory is 2, 724, 900 sq. km

2724900sq km

(1,693,174 sq mi) is the territory of Kazakhstan. Kazakhstan is the largest country in Central Asia and the largest landlocked country in the world.

12,187 km (7572.7 mi) measure the total length of the border. Its northern border with Russia is the longest land boundary in the world at 7,513 km (4668 mi). 

Astana is the capital of Kazakhstan

Astana is the capital of Kazakhstan

1998 

is the year, when Astana the capital of Kazakhstan and the youngest capital in the world was founded. The author of the master layout of Astana was famous Japanese Kise Kurokawa. In 1999 Astana was awarded the UNESCO Prize “City of Peace”.

Natural areas of Kazakhstan

Natural areas of Kazakhstan

5,000 m

Is the height of the mountains along the Kazakhstan-Kyrgyzstan state border. Natural areas of Kazakhstan are represented by landscapes from the northern deserts, steppes and forests to Alpine meadows and mountain glaciers.

The length of transportation routes of Kazakhstan

Among them there are 13.5 thousand km of the railways

106,000 km

Is the length of transportation routes including13,500 km of railways, 87,400 km of paved surfaced roads and 4,000 km of river routes. The location of Kazakhstan in the heart of Eurasian Continent gives it a significant transport potential for the region.

Water resources of Kazakhstan

Water resources of Kazakhstan

8,500

rivers and 48, 000 lakes form a vast array of water resources in Kazakhstan. Kazakhstan borders the most part of the northern and a half of the eastern coast of the Caspian Sea, the largest inland sea in the world.

Fauna of Kazakhstan

853 species of vertebrates

853

species of vertebrates (mammals – 178, birds – 512, reptiles – 49, amphibians – 12, birds and Cyclostomata – 102) live in Kazakhstan. The invertebrate fauna is not less diverse, there are over 50,000 species including 30,000 insects.

Flora of Kazakhstan

Flora of Kazakhstan

6,000

species of plants represent the flora of Kazakhstan, among them 515 endemics to the region. A grove of relict aspen tree in Charyn river valley..

Kazakhstan is the birthplace of an apples

Kazakhstan is the birthplace of apples

11,000 hectares

of wild apple trees are located in the Alatau Mountains. Wild apple trees can grow up  30 m in height. There are trees in the forest over 130 years old. It is believed that apples originated in Kazakhstan.

Wild tulips

More than 100 species of tulips

35

species of wild tulips grow in the plains and the mountains of Kazakhstan. There are more than 100 species of tulips in the World, but nowhere else, but in Kazakhstan there is such a diversity of tulips as at their birthplace. Tulips originated here too!

Mineral commodities of Kazakhstan

The bowels of Kazakhstan

99
out of 105 elements of the periodic table have been found in Kazakhstan. At present 493 known fields contain 1,225 kinds of mineral resources. 

Extraction of useful minerals

1st   

is the place, Kazakhstan holds in proven reserves of zinc, tungsten, barite, uranium; 2nd - in reserves of silver, lead, chromite, coal; 3rd - in copper and fluorite; 4th - in molybdenum and 6th - in Gold; 9th - in proven oil reserves. 

The area of agricultural land of the country

The area of agricultural land of the country

76,500 hectares

Is the area of agricultural land of the country, including 24.1 million hectares of arable lands, 46.500 hectares of pastures. Northern Kazakhstan grows grain and a range of industrial crops – sunflower, crown flax and tobacco, while in the south, cotton, rice, vegetables, fruit gardens and vineyards are the main crops.

Livestock

Livestock

5,500 years

ago a wild horse.had been first domesticated in northern Kazakhstan. Traditional livestock farming and breeding includes sheep, horses, camels and cattle.

Population of the country

Population of the country

120 

is the number of ethnic groups living in Kazakhstan in harmony and peace preserving their language, historic and cultural values. In March 2013 the population of the country has reached 16 million 954 thousand. 

Investments

Investments

160 billion dollars

over the last ten years in direct foreign investment were attracted to the economy of Kazakhstan. According to expert evaluation, Kazakhstan is one of the most attractive investment countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States.

The golden man

4,000

gold plates skillfully depict the animal forms of the clothing of the Saka warrior – “The golden man” found during the archeological excavations of the Issyk burial mound.

Semipalatinsk nuclear test place in Kazakhstan

Semipalatinsk nuclear test place in Kazakhstan

1949-1991

1949 is the year when first testing of a USSR nuclear weapon was held at Semipalatinsk nuclear test site in Kazakhstan. In August 29, 1991, the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan closed the test site.

Aral Sea

Aral Sea

20years

ago the inland Aral Sea was navigable, today it has almost completely dried out. It is arguably the largest ecological catastrophe of the 21st century.

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