Everyone knows that the art of the film, which according to Ulyanov-Lenin, the leader of the world proletariat, was "the most important of the arts", came to Kazakhstan in Russian empire time.
By the revolution of 1917, cinemas existed in all larger cities of Turkestan and Steppe region, where were shown silent films, both domestic and foreign production. But Kazakhstani cinematography started only in the Soviet Union. And what film can be considered as a first work of the local cinematography? Typically, "Amangeldy" is considered to be the first one, which, however, was shot at the film studio “Lenfilm”, though with the notable participation of our masters.
But there is an interesting fact that the first national creation was a documentary short film - "Arrival of a Train". I will immediately disappoint those who sees "Kazakh trace" everywhere - Lumiere brothers have nothing to do with Kazakhstan. Our train arrived at the platform much later than Lumiere’s – on May 1, 1930 from Moscow, by the newly built railway "Turksib".
But, a short film "Arrival of the first train to Alma-Ata" became the first portent of our cinematography. The same moment is captured on archival photo. This is how station “Alma-Ata I” looked like back then. The station “Alma-Ata II” was built later.
But the cinematography part of the great construction of the first Five-Year Plan did not finished with "Arrival of a Train". Many people, probably, saw once a footage from the magnificent documentary film "Turksib", which was shot during the construction of the railway line. Well, if not the entire movie, then at least some excerpts. Frames, where the Kazakh horseman tries to catch up with the departing train first on a horse and then running, are widely used. Fiery speech of Comrade Ryskulov often flashes on a linkage.
"Turksib", despite the bright propaganda, can be reasonably rank among the masterpieces of the documentary cinematography!
…In former times everyone, who went to school, knew about DneproHPS and Turksib. Firstborns of the First Five-Year Plan have been the subjects of a special pride in the Soviet history. Now, Kazakhstan citizens need to cross two borders to see DneproHPS. It is dreary. But about Turksib, young people should know more. This legendary Soviet legacy is located within the territory of our republic. And moreover, it continues to serve for the welfare of the people and economy of sovereign Kazakhstan. Even it was long deprived of any romance and even sign name...